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VisualAnalysis 12.0 Help

Result Views

The Result View is your primary access point for graphical and numerical analysis results. You will use this view to see analysis results graphically. It provides filters, legends, and images to help you find the information you need quickly. It also works well as a starting point for generating printed reports of selected objects. A Result View shows the results of one result case at a time. In the advanced level of VisualAnalysis, you will also have the ability to view envelope (or extreme) results.

Result Views can be used as interactive or printed reports themselves. Use File | Print Preview to see how a Result View will look when printed.

Use the View Filter

Use the Filter tab of Project Manager to determine which results are displayed. You can toggle the displaced shape, on-frame diagrams, or show color contours. You can include extreme force (or displacement or stress) labels, as well as object names and some properties. The filter will help you see only the information you need, while hiding that which is not important.

Show Different Member or Plate Results

On the Filter tab of Project Manager, use the Results option under Members or Plates to change which type of results to display. For members you can show deflections, local forces, or local stresses. The table below shows the options. The displaced shape of the model is toggled using an option under the General section of the filter.

The following results are available for member elements. In general, small x, y, and z refer to the member's local coordinate system.

Member Results Description
dx, dy, dz Local member deflections. (Local x is always the longitudinal or axial direction.)
Fx The local axial force, where positive is tension, and negative is compression.
Vy, Vz Internal shear forces in the local y and z directions, respectively.
Mx Internal torsional moment. Positive according to the right-hand-rule.
My, Mz Local bending moments about the local y and z-axis, respectively. Positive according to the engineering mechanics sign convention.
fa Axial stress, positive is tension, negative is compression
fby(+z), fby(-z),
fbz(+y), fbz(-y)
Local bending moments. fby is bending about the local y axis, usually weak bending and fbz is usually strong axis bending. The (+/-) indicate the location of the stress. For example, a beam bent with a positive moment about its strong axis(z) will have a maximum compressive stress at fbz(+y) and a maximum tension stress at fbz(-y).
fc(+y+z), fc(-y+z),
fc(+y-z), fc(-y-z)
Combined axial and bending stresses at the four "corners" of the shape.
fc(max), fc(min) The extreme values (largest and smalles, respectively) of the combined axial and bending stresses shown above.
No Results Show the members with no result information.

For plates you can show membrane stresses (local or global), bending forces (local or global) and principal membrane stresses. In general, small x, y, and z are in the element's local coordinate system, capital X, Y, and Z are global directions. Note that plate forces are distributed. For example, plate moment units are kip-feet per foot, and plate shear units are kips per foot.

Plate Result Description
None Don't show any plate results
dz Local displacement out of the plane of the plate
Mx, My Local distributed bending moment, bending about the local x-face and local y-face, respectively.
Mxy Local distributed twisting moment on the local x and y faces.
Vx, Vy Local distributed shear forces on the local x and y faces.
Sigma x, Sigma y Local membrane stresses in the x and y directions.
Tau xy Local membrane shearing stress in the plane of the plate.
Sigma max, Sigma min Prinicipal membrane stresses in the plane of the plate
Tau max Pricinpal membrane shearing stress in the plane of the plate
MX, MY, MZ Global distributed bending moments about the global X, Y, and Z axes, respectively.
VX, VY, VZ Global distributed shear forces in the global X, Y, and Z directions, respectively.
Sigma X, Sigma Y, Sigma Z Global membrane stresses in the X, Y, and Z axis directions, respectively.
Tau XY, Tau YZ, Tau ZX Global membrane shear stresses in the XY, YZ, and ZX planes, respectively.
Bearing Bearing pressures, for when plates are supported on soil-spring supports

For plate stresses you also choose a location in the plates. Choose from Top-Surface, Mid-Plane, or Bottom-Surface with the Plane dropdown list. These are defined as through-thickness directions according to the local coordinate system of the plates. Bending stresses are always zero at the mid-plane (z=0), but combine with membrane stresses at the top (+z) and bottom (-z) surfaces.

Display On-Frame Graphs

Choosing Diagram from the Graphics drop down list under the Filter tab of Project Manager will display on-frame member graphs. By default the displaced shape is disabled when this option is chosen to clarify the diagrams. If you prefer to view the displaced shape and the member diagram you can always turn the displaced shape back on.

Use the Result Legend

The result Legend is the small window that floats in the Result View, when enabled. Turn this option on through the Filter tab in Project Manager. This is useful for interpreting the colors used in plots and for finding the extreme values for all objects or selected objects when diagrams are shown. Members and plates each have a separate legend and they can be turned on or off independently. These legends may be dragged to any position within the window, and they are included if you print the window.

The legend may display one or more "Range Controls". These controls will allow you to filter the Result View to show only results in a specified range of values. To restrict the range, Drag the top or bottom arrow with the mouse.

Find Results

The Result tab of Project Manager is used to quickly get a feel for the Extreme Absolute, Maximum positive, or Minimum negative value of each result for the current result case. You will find a Statics Check for each direction, information about your model's self-weight and center of gravity, and summary information for dynamic results. The Result tab is dynamic, based on the selection state in the active Result View, so you can use it to quickly get information about a specific element or node.

The Help Pane at the bottom of Project Manager shows result tips if you hold your mouse over an object (no need to select it!).

The Find tool shows various result tables just like you would see in a report, these tables can be sorted on any column by clicking the column header.

Print a Result View

Use the File | Print command to print an active Result View. Find more hints and details about printing see the Essentials chapter.

Capture a Result View

If you wish to export a Result View for presentation in another program, use Edit | Copy to place a bitmap image on the clipboard. Use Edit | Paste, or Edit | Paste Special in your other applications to retrieve the image.

The bitmap or metafile image will be the exact same size and image you see in the window. For the best quality image, make the window as large as possible. Most word processors will scale images nicely to a smaller size for printing, but trying to make the image bigger will not improve the quality. For the best possible image, you should print directly from VisualAnalysis.